The Delicatessen: Palaces of Eatery
Beginning in the 1840s, Germans began immigrating to the United States. They brought with them many of their preserved, pickled, and canned foods, and their family recipes.
Delicatessen (also known as “deli”) is a combination of words which roughly translates into “delicacies to eat” or “to eat delicious things”.
Within these palaces of eatery, authentic German and/or Americanized versions of foods were offered.
Varieties of sausages (or “wieners”), beef frankfurters, sauerkraut, hamburgers, meatloaf, liverwurst, cold cuts, noodle dishes, dill pickles, herring in cream sauce, lager beer, seltzer water, pretzels (hard and crunchy or the big, doughy New York-style soft pretzels), potato salad, muenster cheese, rolls, pastries, and rye and pumpernickel breads.
During the 1890s to 1920s, Eastern Europeans of Jewish descent started to flock to the United States, bringing not only their language (Yiddish) and religion, but their own foods and recipes.
Kosher and kosher-style delicatessens were established and New Yorkers were introduced to bagels, bialys, smoked salmon and white fish, Matzo and Matzo ball soup, pastrami, corned beef, tongue, borscht, chopped liver, pickled herring, and potato pancakes.
When it came to a smorgasbord, the delicatessen was the place to indulge. New York not only personified the concept of the “melting pot” with the variety of ethnic cultures and religions, but also with the food items available to the public.
As the United States developed, these cultures moved across the states and introduced the concept of the deli to many an area. In the 1950s, supermarkets were introduced around the country which offered many of the same items as found in the neighborhood deli.
This caused many a deli to close its doors, since they could not compete with the lesser prices a supermarket could charge due to bulk purchasing; but not a complete death.
Growing up and living in New York for a good part of my life, I was fortunate enough to experience the neighborhood deli. I miss delis and their uniqueness: the familiarity of the workers behind the counter, the smells of meats and cheeses, the yeastiness of the breads and rolls. It was a complete feast for all the senses.
Now I haven’t even mentioned the Italian deli, and that would be an article unto itself, since it would be a lead-in to bakeries and pizzerias.
Big chain supermarkets have begun to understand this concept of food tastes and smells bringing communities together. They are expanding their services to provide more ethnic based specialties: make-your-own-salad bars, hot soups to go, and the deli sections are once again making sandwiches to order.
Even the bakeries are offering more choices than bagged, sliced breads – artisan styles of sour dough, ciabatta, and French and Italian loaves, or more rustic styles with a crusty outside but chewy inside textures.
Basically, the more diverse the populace, the more choices there are for bringing back memories, trying for the first time, or mixing and matching for an adventurous dining experience.
I make a mean deli sandwich of my own and here is one of my husband’s favorites. Warning! Like a boa constrictor, make sure you can unhinge your jaw, as you will need to, this sandwich is a mega-mouthful.
Roy’s Fave Deli Sandwich
Ingredients: 2 slices rye bread, 4 Tbsp Thousand Island salad dressing, 2 slices Swiss cheese, ¼ lb. each sliced turkey breast, corned beef and pastrami, 1/3 cup cole slaw, Pickle spear, ½ cup each potato and macaroni salads
Preparation: Spread 2 Tbsp of salad dressing on one side of each slice of bread; place one slice of cheese on each slice. Layer on the cold cuts, top with cole slaw, close up sandwich, cut in half; serve with pickle spear and salads.